No Evidence for Precipitous Declines of Harlequin Frogs (Atelopus) in the Guyanas

Abstract

The species-rich Neotropical harlequin frogs (Atelopus ) have experienced drastic population reductions that some herald as potential extinction at the genus level.

Principal causes for this included

  • an emerging infectious disease, chytridiomycosis, caused by the chytrid fungus, and
  • climate change

Responses by Atelopus species typically involve rapid “population crashes”.

Atelopus hoogmoedi

Atelopus hoogmoedi

We here report on two populations of Atelopus hoogmoedi from Suriname and Guyana which show densities similar to other members in the genus before “population crashes”.

Further, tests for the chytrid fungus proved negative, suggesting that it may currently be absent at these two locations.

Our findings indicate that A. hoogmoedi may currently be escaping extinction processes plaguing the genus elsewhere.

Nevertheless, this may change rapidly, as has been shown in other Atelopus. For this reason, we strongly encourage proactive conservation measures before the pattern observed in so many congenerics is played out again.

Source: Luger, Martina; Garner, Trenton W. J.; Ernst, Raffael; Hödl, Walter; Lötters, Stefan. Studies on Neotropical Fauna & Environment, Dec 2008, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p177-180

Kirtland Peterson

frog, frogs, amphibians, biodiversity, climate change, global warming, Chytrid, chitridiomycosis, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, Bd, ecosystems, extinction, toads, research, save the frogs, extinct, fungus, virus, deformation

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